Psychoactive plants are generally a misunderstood subject in western society. The word ‘psychoactive’ is often associated with harmful drugs like cocaine and heroin and the 60’s cultural revolution. The fact is that most of what we eat is psychoactive. A psychoactive substance is by definition any substance that effects how we think, feel and act!
Many examples of common psychoactive foods and beverages include milk, chocolate, coffee, chamomile etc., all being subtle to mild acting psychoactive foods. Even Rooibos is psychoactive. Rooibos has flavanoids (the red pigments giving it its color) that cross the blood brain barrier and exert a direct relaxing affect on the nervous system!
Many People Ask Why Are Psychoactive Plants Important?
We are facing a massive health crisis and epidemic of stress, depression and pharmaceutical drug dependence in the west. Unfortunately the go to for many people is psychiatric medications like SSRI antidepressants, benzodiazepines (sleeping tablets) and opioids.
These drugs are highly addictive and have severe side effects. SSRI”s for example are known to dysregulate metabolism and cause rapid weight gain, sexual libido loss & inflammation among other abnormalities. Every day in the US, 2,500 youth (12 to 17) abuse a prescription pain reliever like an opioid for the first time. Benzodiazepine drugs (sleeping tablets) are prescribed at about 66 million doctors appointments a year in the US, according to a report by the US National Center for Health Statistics. This means that for every 100 adults that visit an office-based doctor over the course of a year, 27 visits will result in a prescription for a benzodiazepine (1).
We urgently need safe alternatives to SSRIS and Benzos in our society today and to consciously avoid these drugs! Traditional medicine has hundreds of unexplored medicinal plants that are used to counter stress- lets start investigating and developing these plants and their compounds as future medicines.
Having studied psychoactive plants used in traditional medicine from around the world, I was surprised that the literature said that Africa was poor in such psychoactive plant use, when around the world psychoactive plants such as Ayahuasca, San Pedro and Peyote were commonly used in traditional medicine. How could this be with Southern Africa being so rich in plant diversity and cultural traditions?
This set me off to do fieldwork where I studied the indigenous uses of psychoactive plants in traditional African medicine. What I found was amazing! Over 300 species were reported from a literature review and fieldwork, as having uses in treating convulsive conditions, mental disorders as well as having visionary uses (2).
In my soon to be published book on this research I go into; possible reasons why Africa was overlooked in the search for psychoactive and shamanic visionary plants, the significant role of psychoactive plants in divination (imphepho and many others), what psychoactive plants mean in traditional African medicine; in terms of dream induction and ancestor connection as well as treating mental illness, and cross cultural comparisons and patterns of psychoactive plant use observed from the experimentation with psychoactive plants by the Nguni people of Southern Africa (Zulu, Xhosa etc) and the curandero healers in the Amazon and what this tells us about global shamanic healing practices.
Many of these African plants hold the keys to future less harmful medicines for treating stress and anxiety that we should develop immediately and move away from the harmful treatments above.
If you are interested in learning about African and other global psychoactive plants see my online psychoactive plant course here: http://phytoalchemy.co.za/faq/
If you would like to obtain a copy of my book that I am self publishing you can email me at email@example.com
- Sobiecki, J.F. 2002. A preliminary inventory of plants used for psychoactive purposes in southern African healing traditions. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 57 (1&2): 1-24.
Silene species: The Nguni Dream Root